Hemorrhoids are normally present blood vessels in and around the anus and lower rectum. In case of their enlargement and swelling, they can cause pain and irritate, with often present internal hemorrhoids and bleeding. Maintaining the health of anal veins is extremely important for both men and women who often sit or stand, as well as for those with weak connective tissue and people with irregular bowel movement. The exact prevalence of enlarged hemorrhoids is hard to measure because many cases are reported, since they are treated with over-the-counter treatments instead of visiting the doctor.
The occurrence of problems can be prevented by changing one’s lifestyle habits in order to promote soft stool and easier bowel movement.
- Changes in diet (eating food rich in fiber, fruits, vegetables)
- Drinking large amounts of fluids (8-9 glasses a day, no alcohol)
- Maintaining regular bowel movement
Topical treatment eases symptoms of hemorrhoids: reduces burning and itching, relieves swelling and pain. Oral treatment is important for blood vessels strengthening.